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Case #6

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23-year-old HIV positive black male admitted to hospital with complaints of difficulty breathing at night while lying flat in bed. Admitted to hospital after fainting while stooping over. Approximately one month prior to admission, developed cold and non-productive cough. In past six weeks, drenching night sweats and fever (greater than 39 °C) occurred regularly.

Expand Physical Exam

04/03/XX

Knot-like swelling in left neck that hurts when he coughs. Bilateral anterior cervical adenopathy. HEENT normal except knot, except thyroid not palpated. Throat normal. Chest had slight dullness to percussion. Abdomen soft, nontender. Spleen tip not palpable. No other masses or tenderness.

Expand Imaging

04/03-04/12/XX

CXR: Bilateral hilar and mediastinal enlargement most likely due to lymphadenopathy. Findings are compatible with a lymphoma mass compressing the trachea.
Gallium scan: Massive lymph node involvement in mediastinum and possible
lymph node involvement in periaortic regions.
Liver-spleen scan: no changes suggestive of metastases.
IVP: Normal
Abdominal CT scan: definite periaortic lymphadenopathy consistent with below-the-diaphragm involvement by lymphoma.

Expand Endoscopy

04/06/XX

Mediastinoscopy: Matted nodes in mediastinum compressing the trachea.

Expand Operation

04/04/XX

Biopsy of left neck knot

Expand Pathology

04/04/XX

Large cell follicular lymphoma, left neck

04/06/XX

Endoscopic biopsies of mediastinum: large cell follicular lymphoma

04/09/XX

Bone marrow aspiration biopsy, right superior iliac crest: negative for tumor

Expand Treatment

04/14/XX

Palliative radiation therapy to superior mediastinum (1000 rads)

04/29/XX

Started R-CHOP regimen (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone)