The Commission on Cancer of the American College of Surgeons (CoC)
In 1912, the Clinical Congress of Surgeons of North America created a proposal calling for "standardization of surgeons," which resulted in the formation of the American College of Surgeons in 1913. Their second proposal was for the "standardization of hospitals," which led to the founding of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals in 1918. (Now called the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations [JCAHO]). The Board of Regents appointed the Cancer Campaign Committee (now known as the Commission on Cancer) in 1913. That committee started the process of outcome analysis of cancer cases based on stage and treatment.