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Quiz: Ovarian & Fallopian Tube Cancers

  1. During each monthly menstrual cycle, one ovary releases an egg, which travels through a fallopian tube to the uterus.
  2. The ovaries secrete estrogen and progesterone, the female hormones that control the development of the breasts and other female body characteristics, as well as regulate the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
  3. Ovarian cancer is the second most common cancer in women and the fifth most common gynecologic cancer.
  4. Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate of all the female cancers, primarily because the disease arises from an vital organ.
  5. One of the ovarian tissue, epithelium, is formed on the inside of the ovary.
  6. Stromal tumors start from connective tissue cells that hold the ovary together and produce the female hormones.
  7. When the diaphragm that is affected by ovarian cancer spreads, normal drainage of fluid from the abdominal cavity may be impaired, resulting in ascites.
  8. It is more common for cancer to spread to a fallopian tube from elsewhere in the body than for a new cancer to develop in the fallopian tube.
  9. Women with few or no children are at higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.
  10. Symptoms of ovarian cancer such as abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, and ascites appear at the early stage of the disease.