Review: Ovarian & Fallopian Tube Cancers
Here is what we have learned from Ovarian & Fallopian Tube Cancers:
- The ovaries are a pair of organs in the female reproductive system that produce eggs and female hormones.
- The fallopian tubes convey eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.
- Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer in women and the second most common gynecologic cancer.
- Based on the estimate of the American Cancer Society, some 25,580 new cases of ovarian cancer will be diagnosed each year in the United States.
- The mortality rate of ovarian cancer is high because it is a kind of "silent" cancer that shows no or few symptoms at its early stage.
- Ovarian tumors are named according to the kind of cells the tumor started from and whether the tumor is benign or cancerous.
- Ovarian tissue are made up of three kinds of cells: germ cells, stromal cells, and epithelial cells.
- Fallopian tube cancer starts within the fallopian tubes.
- Risk factors for ovarian cancer include family history, age, ethnicity, among others.
- Ovarian cancer is asymptomatic in early stage cases; symptoms such as nausea, edema, abdominal pain, ascites, abdominal bloating appear when the disease is at an advanced stage.
- Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of all gynecologic malignancies. However, when diagnosed early, ovarian cancer is highly curable.
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