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Acronyms: All

Federal Government
Acronym Organization
NCI National Cancer Institute: One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, it was established as a center for cancer research.
SEER Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results: Funded by NCI, SEER collects incidence and follow-up data in nine areas in the United States for the purpose of identifying and monitoring trends in cancer incidence and survival.
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability.
NPCR National Program of Cancer Registries: Funded by CDC the NPCR is a population-based system of cancer registries established in 1992 by the Cancer Registries Amendment Act (Public Law 102-515). The program supports cancer registration in 45 states, 3 territories, and the District of Columbia.
National Organizations
Acronym Organization
AACR American Association of Cancer Research: AACR is the oldest and largest scientific organization in the world focused on every aspect of high-quality, innovative cancer research. The programs and services of AACR foster the exchange of knowledge and new ideas among scientists dedicated to cancer research, provide training opportunities for the next generation of cancer researchers, and increase public understanding of cancer.
ACCC Association of Community Cancer Centers: An organization of comprehensive hospitals and cancer centers with an interest in community activities. Members are concerned about the how and why of cancer program development, the impact of prospective payment, capitation, and competition, and the establishment and maintenance of high standards of quality patient care.
ACOA American College of Oncology Administrators: A professional healthcare organization for oncology administrators, managers, and consultants of cancer programs and services. It is a chapter of the American Academy of Medical Administrators (AAMA).
ACOS American College of Surgeons: A professional medical association to improve the quality of care for surgical patients by elevating the standards of surgical education and practice.
ACS American Cancer Society: A private cancer research organization, which supports, through grants, investigator-initiated projects in established medical and other scientific institutions across the country.
AHIMA American Health Information Management Association: A group of credentialed (RRA, ART) professionals who collect and analyze a wide range of health information.
AJCC American Joint Committee on Cancer: Organized in 1959 for the purpose of clinical staging, the AJCC decided to use the TNM system of the UICC to develop its own system of clinical and pathologic staging. Cooperation between 1982-87 has resulted in uniform and identical definitions and stage groupings of cancer for all sites between UICC and AJCC.
AMA American Medical Association: A professional organization of practicing physicians. It also provides coordination and direction for allied health education to establish and maintain appropriate standards of patient care through its accreditation of allied medical education programs.
ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology: A society of oncologist, primarily medical, for the dissemination and exchange of cancer information.
ASSO American Society of Surgical Oncology: A society of surgical oncologists for the dissemination and exchange of cancer information.
CCOP Community Clinical Oncology Program; A cooperative agreement supported program which provides support to community-based oncologists to participate in clinical trials sponsored by the clinical cooperative groups an/or cancer centers.
COC Commission on Cancer of the American College of Surgeons: Representing 28 national professional organizations, the Commission seeks multidisciplinary co-operation in cancer management. It establishes standards for approval of cancer programs, stimulates cancer programs in institutions and communities, develops nationwide patient care evaluation studies of specific organ sites and types of malignancy as well as symposia and postgraduate courses on cancer for physicians.
JCAHCO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations: Formerly JCAH (hospital). Provides standards for accreditation of health care organizations and conducts surveys to determine and organization's degree of compliance as well as provides acceptable ways to bring the organization into compliance.
NTRA National Tumor Registrars Association: A professional non-profit organization to promote the level of knowledge and performance of tumor registrars through educational standards and continuing education as well as to improve and standardize the compiling of tumor registry information.
Worldwide Organizations
Acronym Organization
IACR International Association of Cancer Registries: A voluntary non-governmental organization established in 1970 to represent the scientific and professional interests of cancer registries interested in the development and application of cancer registration and morbidity survey techniques to studies of well-defined populations.
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer: Established in 1965 within the framework of the World Health Organization (WHO), IARC is dedicated to research on cancer, particularly epidemiology of cancer and study of potential carcinogens in the human environment.
UICC International Union Against Cancer (Union internationale Contre le Cancer): An organization established to monitor cancer throughout the world. It disseminates current knowledge of cancer, its prevention, early detection, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and continuing care as well as knowledge in basic and clinical cancer research. It was first in the development of the TNM Clinical Staging Classification in the early 1950's, one of its many accomplishments.
WHO World Health Organization: A United Nations organization established to monitor world health. It divides the world into seven regions with a headquarters in each region.
Publications & On-Line Databases
Acronym Publication & On-Line Data Bases
ACTUR The Automated Central Tumor Registry System: A Department of Defense automated central tumor registry system established by the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System (DEERS) for Army, Navy, and Air Force hospitals.
GRATEUL MED A system for simplifying the process of searching for and retrieving biomedical information on the MEDLARS system.
ICD-O The International Classification of Diseases for Oncology: The ICD-O, First Edition (1976), (published by WHO) permits coding of all neoplasms by topography, histology (norphology), and behavior. It also provides a separate grading and differentiation code. The ICD-O, Second Edition (1990), went into general use in the United States in 1992.
MEDLARS The MEDLARS system (NLM) is a basic guide to searching the various biomedical databases. It contains more than 20 separate databases, such as, MEDLINE to search for articles in recent journals, CANCELIT to search for cancer literature, and CHEMLINE to search for chemical compounds.
MEDLINE An online version of Index Medicus published by the National Library of Medicine (NLM). It contains information (abstracts) about the documents, but not the documents themselves.
PDQ The Physicians Data Query: An online data base which makes state-of-the-art treatment information, directory information, and protocol information available to the medical community. This database is maintained by the International Cancer Research Data Base Branch, International Cancer Information Center, NIC.
The Automated Cause Coding Systems
Acronym Cause Coding System
ACME Automated classification of medical entities — the computer program used by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) to select the underlying cause of death after the individual diagnoses have been coded.
MICAR Mortality medical indexing, classification, and retrieval — a computer program that takes diagnoses and translates words into code numbers of ICD-9 (CM)
TRACER Target recognition of automatically coded entity references — an automated coding program used at the Office of Population, Censuses and Surveys for coding death certificates
TRANSAX Translate the Axis of Classification of the manually assigned codes into a form amenable to person-based analyses of multiple causes of death. This resolves multiple anomalies when coding death certificates in the United States.
Study Groups
Acronym Study Group
BCCA British Columbia Cancer Agency
BTCG Brain Tumor Cooperative Group
BTSG Brain Tumor Study Group
CALGA Cancer and Leukemia Group A
CALGB Cancer and Leukemia Group B
CCSG Children's Cancer Study Group
CDEP Central Clinical Drug Evaluation Program
COG Central Oncology Group
ECOG Easter Cooperative Oncology Group
GITSG Gastrointestinal Study Group
GOG Gynecologic Oncology Group
HNCP Head and Neck Contracts Program
HTSG Hepatic Tumor Study Group
IAML Acute Myelocytic Leukemia Intergroup
INTERG Intergroup (Other)
IRS Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study
LCSG Lung Cancer Study Group
MAOP Mid-Atlantic Oncology Program
MARCOG Mid-Atlantic Regional Co-Op Oncology Group
NABMTG North American Bone Marrow Treatment Group
NBCG National Bladder Cancer Group
NCCTG North Central Cancer Treatment Group
NCOG Northern California Oncology Group
NORCA Nutrition Oncology Research Cooperative Association
NPCTG National Prostatic Cancer Treatment Group
NSABP National Surgery Adjuvant Project for Breast and Bowel Cancers
POA Piedmont Oncology Association
POG Pediatric Oncology Group
PVACCG Pacific VA Cancer Chemotherapy Group
PVSG Polycythemia Vera Study Group
RTOG Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
SECSG Southeastern Cancer Study Group
SWOG Southwest Oncology Group
TPN Total Parenteral Nutrition Group
UORG Uro-Oncology Research Group
VALG V. A. Lung Group
VASOG V. A. Surgical Oncology Group
VBCG V. A. Chemotherapy Group
WCCG Western Cancer Chemotherapy Group
WCG Weski Cancer Group
WTSG Wilms' Tumor Study Group

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