The Karnofsky scale (sometimes called the Karnofsky index) was devised by two American doctors in the 1940s (David Karnofsky and Joseph Burchenal) as an attempt to try and measure the more 'subjective' side of the outcome of cancer treatment.
In fact the scale relates purely to physical ability and covers 11 points, from normal health to death, each scored as a percentage. The scale is:
|Normal activity with some effort||80%|
|Unable to carry on normal activity but able to care for oneself||70%|
|Requires occasional help with personal needs||60%|
|Requires considerable assistance and medical care||40%|
|Severely disabled, in hospital||30%|
|Very sick, active support needed||20%|