Quiz: Data Standards & Standard Setters

  1. Registry data collected in the absence of shared standards contribute a great deal towards case management or cancer control.
  2. The interpretation of compiled data requires uniformity of data elements and consistent use of codes.
  3. Without shared data-coding standards, the submitted data has to be reformatted and interpreted because different codes, coding rules, data sets, and software were used by the hospital registries.
  4. The history of oncology data standards has little to do with groups that shaped the development of oncology data.
  5. WHO, ACS, and AJCC developed standard codes for topography, morphology and extent of tumor spread.
  6. NCRA and NAACCR shaped standards for facility and population-based registries.
  7. Data sets are lists of data elements that must be collected to meet the minimal requirements of the group's goals,
  8. Data sets specified by different organizations are the same.
  9. Hospital-based registries are never required to meet the standards for more than one organization.
  10. Data elements having the same or intent should mean the same thing in every registry that collects them.
  11. Data edits test the logical effects of coding rules or natural relationships.
  12. Differently edited data are, actually, statistically comparable.
  13. Consolidation rules determine which data inconsistencies can be resolved automatically and when to assign precedence of one category over another.
  14. Since an important consideration in the use of standard code categories and procedures is continuity over time, introduction of new or revised codes is absolutely unnecessary.
  15. Standard codes identify code version or flag exceptions to standard edits.
  16. Standards for data management procedures for hospitals and population-based registries develop together and have been defined by the same standard setters.