Review: Anatomy of the Ovaries

Here is what we have learned from Anatomy of the Ovaries:

  • Ovary is a paired organ.
  • Bilateral involvement of ovaries with the same histology is considered a single primary site.
  • The ovaries lie on the posterior wall of the pelvis lateral to the uterus.
  • The ovaries are supported by the suspensory ligaments, the ovarian ligament, and the broad ligament, which also supports all of the internal female genitalia.
  • The ovary is a gland with a detached duct (the fallopian tube), which "catches" the ovum as it is expelled from the ovary.
  • The fallopian tubes are a pair of slender ducts through which ova pass from the ovaries to the uterus in the female reproductive system.
  • Regional lymph nodes for the ovaries include:
    • utero-ovarian,
    • round ligament,
    • external iliac,
    • common iliac,
    • hypogastric,
    • internal iliac,
    • obturator,
    • lateral sacral,
    • paraaortic, and
    • inguinal.