Definitions: All


Term(s) Abbreviation
Abdomen ABD, ABDOM
Abdominal perineal AP
Abnormal ABN
Abort(miscarry) AB
About AB
Above knee (amputation) AK(A)
Abstract ABST
Achilles tendon reflex ATR
Acid phosphatase ACID P'TASE
Acid phosphatase ACID PHOS
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS
Acute granulocytic leukemia AGL
Acute lymphocytic leukemia ALL
Acute myelogenous leukemia AML
Acute respiratory disease (syndrome) ARD(S)
Adenocarcinoma ADENOCA
Adenosine triphosphate ATP
Adjacent ADJ
Admission ADM
Admit ADM
Adrenal cortex AC
Adrenal cortical hormone ACH
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone ACTH
Afferent AFF
Affirmative AFF
Against medical advice AMA
Aids related complex ARC
Air contrast AC
Albumin ALB
Albumin-globulin ratio A/G RATIO
Aldosterone secretion rate ASR
Alive and well A & W
Alkaline phosphatase ALK PHOS
Allergy A
Alpha-fetoprotein AFP
Also known as AKA
Ambulatory AMB
Amputation AMP
Anaplastic ANAP
Anatomy ANAT
Anesthesia, anesthetic ANES(TH)
Angstrom unit AU
Annum A
Anode A
Anterior ANT
Anterior chamber AC
Anterior pituitary AP
Anterior superior spine (of ilium) ASS
Anteroposterior AP
Anteroposterior and lateral AP&LAT
Antibody AB
Antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin) ADH
Antigen AG
Aortic stenosis AS
Aortic stenosis A STEN
Aortic A
Aortic valve AV
Appendix APP
Approximately APPROX
Argentum (silver, chemical symbol for) AG
Arterial blood pressure ABP
Arteriosclerosis AS
Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease ASCVD
Arteriosclerotic heart disease ASHD
Arteriovenous AV
Artery A
Artery(ial) ART
Aspiration ASP
Asthmatic bronchitis AB
Atrial gallop AG
Atrioventricular AV
Atrophy ATR
Aurum (gold, chemical symbol for) AU
Auscultation& percussion A&P
Autopsy AUT
Average AV
Axial A
Axilla(ry) AX
Axis(ial) AX
Bachelor of Arts BA
Bacillus B
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin BCG
Barium (chemical symbol for) BA
Barium enema BE
Bartholin's, urethral & Skene's glands BUS
Basal BAS
Basal body temperature BBT
Basal cell carcinoma BCC
Basal metabolism rate BMR
Basophil(s) (granular leukocyte) BASOS
Before ANTE
Below knee (amputation) BK(A)
Benign prostatic hypertrophy/hyperplasia BPH
Bilateral BIL
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy BSO
Bile duct BD
Biological response modifier BRM
Biopsy BX
Birth control BC
Black B
Black female B/F
Black male B/M
Blood-brain barrier BBB
Blood pressure BP
Blood urea nitrogen BUN
Blue B
Bone OS
Bone conduction BC
Bone marrow BM
Bone scan BSC
Born B
Bowel movement BM
Brain tumor BT
Bronchial asthma BA
Brother B
Buccocervical BC
Bundle-branch block BBB
Ca—Journal of the American Cancer Society CA
Cancer Antigen 125 CA-125
Calcium CA
Carbon dioxide CO2
Carcinoembryonic antigen CEA
Carcinoma CA
Carcinoma-in situ CIS
Centigrade C
Centimeter CM
Central nervous system CNS
Cerebrospinal fluid CSF
Cardiovascular accident CVA
Certified Tumor Registrar CTR
Cervical spine C-SPINE
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIN
Cervical vertebrae C1-C7
Cervix CX
Cesium CS
Chemotherapy CHEMO
Chest x-ray CXR
Chief complaint CC
Chronic myeloid/myelocytic leukemia CML
Chronic CHR
Chronic granulocytic leukemia CGL
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia CLL
Cigarettes CIG
Cobalt 60 Co60
Colony-stimulating factor CSF
Common bile duct CBD
Complaining of C/O
Complete blood count CBC
Computerized (axial) tomography scan CT SC
Congestive heart failure CHF
Consistent with C/W
Coronary care unit CCU
Costal margin CM
Costovertebral angle CVA
Cubic centimeter CC
Cystoscopy CYSTO
Cytology CYTO
Cytomegalovirus CMV
Date of death DOD
Dead on arrival DOA
Deep tendon reflex DTR
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
Dermatology DERM
Diagnosis DX
Diameter DIAM
Differentiated, differential DIFF
Dilatation and curettage D&C
Discharge DIS, DISCH
Discharge DC, DS
Discharge diagnosis DD
Discontinued DC
Disease DIS
Doctor of Osteopathy DO
Dyspnea on exertion DOE
Each eye (oculus uterque) OU
Ears, nose & throat ENT
Electrocardiogram ECG, EKG
Electroencephalogram EEG
Electromyogram EMG
Electroshock therapy EST
Emergency room ER
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ERCP
Enlarged ENL
Erect (standing), posterior, anterior EPA
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy EGD
Estrogen receptor (assay) ER(A)
Examination EXAM
Examination under anesthesia EUA
Excision EXC
Exploratory laparotomy EXP LAP
Extend, extension EXT
Extended care facility ECF
External EXT
Extremity EXT
Eyes, ears, nose & throat EENT
Fahrenheit F
Family (medical) history F(M)H
Fasting blood sugar FBS
Fever unknown origin FUO
Fingerbreadth FB
First dorsal vertebra, second dorsal vertebra, etc. D1, D2, etc.
Flat plate FP
Floor of mouth FOM
Fluorescence in situ hybridization FISH
Fluoroscopy FLURO
Follow up FU
Fracture FX
Frozen section FS
Gallbladder GB
Gastric analysis GA
Gastroenterostomy GE
Gastroesophageal GE
Gastrointestinal GI
Generalized GEN
General practitioner GP
Genitourinary GU
Grade, grain(s) GR
Gram GM
Gynecology GYN
Head, eyes, ears, nose & throat HEENT
Heart COR
Heart disease HD
Hematocrit HCT
Hemoglobin HB, HGB
High power field HPF
History HX
History and physical H&P
History of H/O
History of present illness HPI
Hormone HOR
Hospital HOSPM
Hour(s) HR(S)
Human chorionic gonadotropin HCG
Human Epidermal Receptor #2 HER2
Human immunodeficiency virus HIV
Human papilloma virus HPV
Human T-lymphotrophic virus type III HTL
Hypertensive cardiovascular disease HCVV-III
Hypertensive vascular disease HVDD
Hysterectomy HYST
Immediately (statim) STAT
Immunoglobulin IG
Immunohistochemical IHC
Impression IMP
Includes, including INCL
Inferior INF
Inferior vena cava IVC
Infiltrating INFILT
Infarction INF
Infusion INF
Injection INJ
Inpatient IP
Intensive care unit ICU
Intercostal margin ICM
Intercostal space ICS
Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB
Internal mammary artery IMA
Internal medicine INT MED
International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, 1st Ed., 1976 ICD-O-1
International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, 2nd Ed., 1992 ICD-O-2
International Prognostic Index (for lymphomas) IPI
Intramuscular IM
Intrathecal IT
Intravenous IV
Intravenous pyelogram IVP
Iodine I
Isolated tumor cells ITC
Jugular venous distention JVD
Kidneys, ureters, bladder KUB
Kilogram KG
Kilovolt DV
Knee kick KK
Knee jerk KJ
Lactic dehydrogenase LDH
Laparotomy LAP
Large LG
Last menstrual period LMP
Lateral LAT
Left L, LT
Left costal margin LCM
Left eye (oculos sinister) OS
Left ilial fossa LIF
Left lower extremity LUE
Left lower lobe (lung) LUL
Left lower quadrant (abdomen) LLQ
Left upper extremity LUE
Left upper lobe (lung) LUL
Left upper quadrant (abdomen) LUQ
Left salpingo-oophorectomy LSO
Licensed practical nurse LPN
Linear accelerator LINAC
Liter L
Liver function test LFT
Liver kidney, spleen (bladder) LKS(B)
Liver, spleen, kidneys LSK, LKS
Living and well L&W
Local medical doctor LMD
Low power field LPF
Lower L
Lower extremity LE
Lower inner quadrant (breast) LIQ
Lower outer quadrant (breast) LOQ
Lumbar puncture LP
Lumbar spine L-SPINE
Lumbar vertebrae L1-L5
Lumbosacral LS
Lupus erythematosus LE
Lymph node(s) LN(S)
Lymphadenopathy associated virus LAV
Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor M-CSF
Magnetic resonance imaging MRI
Malignant MAL, MALIG
Mandible MAND
Marital history MH
Mastectomy MAST
Maxilla(ry), maximum MX
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin MCH
Mean corpuscular volume MCV
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin count MCHC
Medical Doctor MD
Mental health MH
Metastatic, metastases MET, METS
Microscopic MX
Microscopic MICRO
Mid clavicular line MCL
Mid sternal line MSL
Middle lobe ML
Millicurie MC
Milligram MG
Milliliter ML
Millimeter MM
Million electron volts MEV
Mitral stenosis MS
Moderate MOD
Moderately differentiated MD
Moderately differentiated MOD DIFF
Modified radical mastectomy MRM
Monocytes, meter M
Mouth OS
Multiple sclerosis MS
Nausea and vomiting N&V
Navel (umbilicus) UMB
Neck vein distention NVD
Negative NEG or -
Neurology NEURO
Nitrogen mustard HN2
No evidence of disease NED
No evidence of recurrent disease NERD
No significant findings NSF
Normal NL
Normal bowel sounds NBS
Normal breath sounds NBS
Normal temperature and pressure NTP
Not applicable NA
Not elsewhere classified NEC
Not otherwise specified NOS
Not reportable NR
Not recorded NR
Number of pregnancies resulting in viable infants PARA
Obstetrics OB
Obstructed (ing, ion) OBST
Occupational history OH
Occupational therapy OT
Office visit OV
Opening OS
Operating room OR
Operation OP
Ophthalmology OPHTH
Orthopedics ORTH
Osteomyelitis OSTEO
Otology OTO
Ounce OZ
Outpatient OP
Outpatient clinic OPD
Outpatient department OPD
Packed cell volume PCV
Packs per day PPD
Palpable, palpated, palpation PALP
Papanicolaou smear PAP
Papillary PAP
Past medical history PMH
Past or personal history PH
Pathology PATH
Patient PT
Pedatrics PED
Pelvic inflammatory disease PID
Percussion and auscultation P&A
Percutaneous PERC
Personal (primary) medical doctor PMD
Physical examination PE
Physicians' Desk Reference PDR
Physiotherapy PT
Platelets PLT
Pneumoencephalography PEG
Poorly differentiated PD
Positive POS or +
Positron emission tomography PET
Possible POSS
Post anesthesia room PAR
Post mortem (after death) PM
Posterior POST
Posteroanterior PA
Postmortem examination POST
Posnasal drip PND
Postoperative day POD
Postoperative(ly) PO, POSTOP
Potassium K
Preoperative(ly) PREOP
Present illness PI
Prior to admission PTA
Probably(ly) PROB
Progesterone receptor(assay) PR(A)
Prostatic Specific Antigen PSA
Pulmonary PULM
Pulmonary artery PA
Pulse P
Purified protein derivative (Tuberculin skin test) PPD
Pyrexia of undetermined origin PUO
Quadrant Q
Radiation RAD
Radiation absorbed dose RAD
Radiation therapy RT
Radical RAD
Radioactive iodine (I 131) uptake RAIU
Radioencephalogram REG
Radioimmunoassay RIA
Radium RA
Range of motion ROM
Rectovaginal R-V
Red blood cells RBC
Reed-Sternberg cells R-S CELLS
Registered nurse RN
Resection RESEC
Respiration R
Respiratory RESPIR
Reticuloendothelial system RES
Reticulum cell sarcoma RCS
Review of systems ROS
Review of outside slides ROS
Review of outside films ROF
Rhesus (monkey) factor in blood RH
Ribonucleic acid RNA
Right RT
Right costal margin RCM
Right eye (oculus dexter) OD
Right iliac fossa RIF
Right inner quadrant (abdomen) RIQ
Right lower extremity RLE
Right lower lobe (lung) RLL
Right lower quadrant RLQ
Right middle lobe (lung) RML
Right outer quadrant (abdomen) ROQ
Right salpingo-oophorectomy RSO
Right upper extremity RUE
Right upper extremity RUE
Right upper lobe RUL
Roentgen R
Rule out RO, R/O
Sacral spine S-Spine
Sacral vertebrae S1-S5
Salpinggo-oophorectomy SO
Sarcoma SARC
Sedimentation rate SR
Sequential multiple analysis (Biochem profile) SMA
Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase SGPT
Serum hepatitis SH
Shortness of breath SOB
Silver nitrate AGNO3
Skilled nursing facility SNF
Small SM, SML
Small bowel SML BWL
Small bowel SB
Social history SH
Solution SOL
Special lymphocytes formed in bone marrow (derived from bursa of Fabricius) B-CELLS
Specific gravity SP GR
Specimen SPEC
Split thickness skin graft STSG
Squamous SQ, SQUAM
Squamous cell carcinoma SCC
Squamous cell carcinoma SQCELL CA
Staphylococcus STAPH
Status post S/P
Streptococcus STREP
Subacute bacterial endocarditis SBE
Subcutaneous S-Q, SQ
Subcutaneous SUB-Q, SUBQ
Superior vena cava SVC
Surgery, surgical SURG
Symptoms SX
Temperature T
Temperature, pulse and respiration TPR
Thoracic T
Thoracic spine T-SPINE
Thoracic vertebra T1-T12
Thyroid stimulating hormone TSH
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy T&A
Total protein TP
Total abdominal hysterectomy TAH
Total abdominal hysterectomy-bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy TAH-BSO
Total vaginal hysterectomy TVH
Toxin-antitoxin TA
Transitional cell carcinoma TCC
Transurethral resection TUR
Transurethral resection -Bladder TURB
Transurethral resection - Prostate TURP
Treatment RX, TX
Tuberculosis TB, TBC
Tumor size TS
Tumor dose TD
Tumor, Nodes, Metastasis TNM
Undifferentiated UNDIFF
Unit U
Upper extremity UE
Upper gastrointestinal UGI
Upper inner quadrant (breast) UIQ
Upper outer quadrant (abdomen) UOQ
Upper respiratory infection URI
Urine UR
Urology UROL
Usual childhood diseases UCHD
Vagina, Vaginal VAG
Vaginal hysterectomy VAG HYST
Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia VAIN
Vascular VASC
Venereal disease VD
Vital signs VS
Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia VIN
Water H2O
Weight WT
Well developed W/D
Well differentiated WD, WELL DIFF
White blood cells WBC
White female W/F
White male W/M
With W/
Within normal limits WNL
Without W/O
Work-up W/U
X-ray XR
Year YR
Year of Y/O