Exercise 2

One of the early signs of lung cancer or cancer of the pharynx or larynx might be a persistent cough or hoarseness. This may be accompanied by swallowing difficulty.

The term cough and hoarseness are familiar terms but the term dysphagia probably is not. Dysphagia is made up of:

  • dys — a prefix meaning bad, difficult, painful
  • phag — a stem meaning to eat
  • ia — a suffix meaning condition of

The prefix dys is a very important one; memorize it. Dysphagia means difficulty in eating or swallowing.

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