Exercise 9

Changes in bladder and bowel habits often are associated with cancers of the urogenital and gastrointestinal systems of the body. Symptoms related to these changes are recorded as:

Term Word Elements Definition
  • dia — through
  • rrhea — flow, discharge
excessive frequency and looseness of bowel movements
  • dys — difficult, painful
  • uria — referring to a characteristic of urine
difficult or painful urination

There are a number of terms used to describe bladder or urinary symptoms. Dysuria (difficult or painful urination) might be described as urinary irritation. Other terms you might encounter in a record include:

  1. urinary frequency — continual need to urinate
  2. urinary urgency — constant feeling of the need to urinate
  3. urinary obstruction — slow stream that seems to be due to an obstruction
  4. nocturia — need to urinate frequently during the night

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