Review: Introduction to Uterine Cancer
Here is what we have learned from Introduction to Uterine Cancer:
- Cancers occur in the uterus include endometrial cancer, uterine sarcomas, and placental cancer.
- Endometrium is the lining of the uterus (uterine wall).
- Placental cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects placenta, the vascular organ that connects the fetus and the mother's uterus.
- Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer.
- The incidence of endometrial cancer in women in the U.S. is 1% to 2%.
- Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia is classified into three types: hydatiform mole, invasive hydatiform mole, and choriocarcinoma.
- Although the exact cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, increased levels of estrogen appear to have a role.
- Risk factors for endometrial cancer, among others, include: use of hormones, age, obesity, late menopause, menometrorrhagia, Stein-Leventhal syndrome, family history of multiple cancers, personal history of breast cancer or rectal cancer, and parity.
- Some of the signs and symptoms for endometrial cancer are: abnormal vaginal bleeding, abnormal Pap smear, and advanced disease such as ascites, jaundice, bowel obstruction, respiratory distress.
- Risk factors for placental cancer include genetics, age, multiple pregnancies, hydatidiform mole, and abortion.
- Some of the signs and symptoms for placental cancer are: vaginal bleeding, abnormal discharge, lower abdominal pain, abnormal nipple discharge, uterus that does not decrease in size after pregnancy, and absent fetal heart tones.
Go to the quiz if you want to test yourself on the material you learned in this section. The quiz is a self-assessment tool and no records are kept. The feedback will let you know if you have answered the questions correctly. You can take the quiz as many times as you want.