Cell type, size of lesion, size and number of lymph nodes involved, laterality of lymph nodes involved, extension to adjacent tissues (especially scrotum), unilateral or bilateral invol/possible involvement.
Radical orchiectomy with laparotomy and removal of bilateral retroperitoneal lymph nodes to determine the histologic cell type, remove the primary tumor, and evaluate the lymph nodes of the retroperitoneum. Surgical staging also provides debulking of tumor if lymph nodes are positive. Also called: retoperitoneal lymphadenectomy.
Go to the Pathology page of the Diagnostic Tests module for more information.