Review: Introduction to Testicular Cancer
Here is what we have learned from Introduction to Testicular Cancer:
- Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in males between the ages of 15 and 35.
- Testicular cancer is the second most common malignancy in men ages 35 to 39.
- Testicular cancer is often curable.
- Cancer cells of testicular cancer grow rapidly, but are usually very susceptible to chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
- Lower levels of exercise are believed to be linked to increased risk of testicular cancer.
- Other possible risk factors include heredity, genetic abnormalities, congenial defects in the reproductive tract, testicular injury, and atrophy of the testes.
- Ninety-five percent of testicular cancers arise from sperm-forming, or germ, cells and are called germinal tumors; the remaining 5 percent are nongerminal tumors.
- Germ cells become malignant at a very early stage in their development, and they may be anaplastic, classic (or typical), or spermatocytic, depending on their origin.
- Cells more mature and specialized than the germ cells give rise to nonseminomas.
- Testicular cancers tend to spread through the spermatic cord and associated blood and lymph vessels into local lymph glands called the retroperitoneal lymph nodes.
- Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include testicular pain, acute epididymitis, night sweats and fever, weight loss, abdominal pain.
Go to the quiz if you want to test yourself on the material you learned in this section. The quiz is a self-assessment tool and no records are kept. The feedback will let you know if you have answered the questions correctly. You can take the quiz as many times as you want.