SEER Training Modules
- Orchiopexy: surgical placement of an undescended testis. The risk factor here is the scrotal surgery, not the procedure itself.
- Age: most common in young adults 20-40 years
- Race: whites are 6 times more likely to develop testicular cancer than blacks
- Vasectomy: surgical separation of the seminal vesicles for contraception. The risk factor here is the scrotal surgery, not the vasectomy.
- Testicular trauma: crushing injury, blunt trauma (such as getting kneed in the groin) and other accidental injuries; risk of cancer is not known but is under investigation.
- Other: Orchitis (inflammation of the testicle); irradiation
- Men with a history of hernia
- Men with extra nipples
- Men with a history of infertility problems
- Men with cryptorchidism or undescended testes—the failure of one or both testicles to descend from the pelvis (about 10 percent of men with testicular cancer have a history of cryptorchidism)