Anatomy of the Liver & Gallbladder
- Right lobe of liver
- Left lobe of liver
- Round ligament
- Caudate lobe of liver
- Inferior vena cava
- Common bile duct
- Hepatic artery
- Portal vein
- Cystic duct
- Hepatic duct
- Porta hepatis: central region of liver which contains the hepatic artery, portal vein, lymphatic vessels, and extrahepatic bile ducts (referred to as portal area).
- Bile: fluid produced in the liver which aids in digestion.
- Fundus: the fullest, most distal part of the gallbladder.
- Body: the area between the fundus and the neck of the bladder.
- Neck: tapers into cystic duct.
Ampulla of Vater
Intrahepatic bile ducts in portal area between hepatic lobes, draining hepatic lobules.
Extrahepatic bile ducts:
- Common hepatic duct formed by junction of right and left hepatic bile ducts.
- Cystic duct connects common hepatic duct with gallbladder.
- Common bile duct formed by junction of cystic duct and common hepatic duct.