Review: Introduction to Bladder Cancer

Here is what we have learned from Introduction to Bladder Cancer:

  • Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common in women.
  • Carcinogens and inherited factors that make people less able to detoxify them seem to play a role in causing bladder cancer.
  • Mushroom-shaped bladder tumors with their stem attached to the inner lining of the bladder are more common than solid tumors that grow directly in the lining of the bladder.
  • Risk factors for bladder cancer include age, gender, race, smoking, occupation among others.
  • For most bladder cancer patients,signs and symptoms include hematuria, dysuria, and other urinary symptoms—burning, frequency, urgency, pelvic discomfort after voiding.
  • Transitional cell carcinoma accounts for more than 90 percent of all bladder cancers; about 8 percent of bladder cancers are the squamous cell type; adenocarcinomas account for about 2 percent of all bladder cancers.
  • Prognosis and survival of bladder cancer correlate with stage and histologic grade.


Go to the quiz if you want to test yourself on the material you learned in this section. The quiz is a self-assessment tool and no records are kept. The feedback will let you know if you have answered the questions correctly. You can take the quiz as many times as you want.

Click here to take the quiz.