Key words/possible involvement:

Mass or lesion visualized in the opening, or if a biopsy via the endoscope yields a diagnosis of malignancy, fixation

Other words/no involvement:

No abnormalities visualized during the examination, no strictures or foreign bodies

  • Laryngoscopy
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Esophagoscopy
  • Nasopharyngoscopy
  • Triple Endoscopy (also called panendoscopy) combination procedure that examines the trachea, larynx, pharynx and esophagus via endoscopic visualization; used to investigate all mucosal surfaces of the upper respiratory tract for second primaries.

Go to the Endoscopies page of the Diagnostic Tests module for more information.