Extent of Disease Evaluation
Common Metastatic Sites
|Regional Spread||Direct extension to bladder or rectum; invasion of seminal vesicles.|
|Lymphatic Spread||Distant lymph nodes include cervical, scalene, supraclavicular (Virchow's or sentinel node in left supraclavicular region), common iliac, inguinal, and aortic (para-aortic, peri-arotic, lumbar) chains.|
|Hematogenous Spread||Bone (osteoblastic lesions), liver, kidneys, adrenal glands, and occasionally lung and brain.|
Key words/possible involvement:
Terms which indicate possible involvement by tumor. Common terms are provided, but the list is not all-inclusive.
Other words/no involvement:
Other terms seen in reports which indicate an abnormality but do not indicate a neoplastic process. Common terms are provided, but the list is not all-inclusive.