Physical Exam

Key Information

Palpable mass, enlargement of prostate (sometimes numbered 1+, 2+, and so forth), size of nodule (in centimeters or inches), nodularity in prostate or pelvis, palpable lymph nodes, palpable nodes (inguinal and elsewhere), evidence of "frozen" pelvis, organomegaly (hepatosplenomegaly, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly)

Digital Rectal Examination:

Examination of the lower portion of the rectum, perineum and surrounding tissues using a gloved finger inserted into the anus. During the examination, the examining finger can feel the prostate gland. Also called rectal exam, manual exam.

Key words/possible involvement:

Nodularity, induration, fixation of seminal vesicles, enlargement, firmness, lesion, neoplasm, malignancy, active bleeding. Other words/no involvement: if there is no mention of prostatic abnormality during the exam; benign prostatic hypertrophy.

Go to the Physical Exam page of the Diagnostic Tests for more information.